How to Pick a Goldfish
Installing your first home goldfish aquarium can be an exciting venture. Of course you want it to look impressive to visitors, but you also want to make sure that you are populating your aquarium with good goldfish. What characteristics define a good goldfish? Good health is important. Adult size is important with respect to aquarium size. Beauty and activeness is paramount. Compatibility with other types of goldfish is also important if you are planning upon maintaining a variety of goldfish.
How To Choose Goldfish That Are Healthy
If you purchase your goldfish from a reliable and respected dealer, health is not generally a problem. Most disease and illnesses in goldfish are related directly to their environment and care. Most goldfish that are maintained in a clean well aerated aquarium and provided with adequate and appropriate food will live their expected life spans in good health. Some goldfish have life spans approaching twenty years.
The maximum expected adult size of the fish is extremely important with respect to the size of the aquarium and the number of fish that you intend to actually have living in it. Two Comet goldfish may look quite attractive and happy in your four cubic foot aquarium on the day that you bring them home, but may not look quite as comfortable or content in that same aquarium when they reach their full length of 12 inches.
Best Aquarium For Your Goldfish
As your aquarium grows in size and you begin adding other types of fish, it’s important that you know enough about each goldfish type that you select fish that are compatible with each other and with your ability to care for them. If you’re inexperienced with goldfish and aquariums, your first goldfish should be those that are easy to care for like the hardy and extremely active Common goldfish, the beautiful Fantail goldfish, or the Japanese Shubunkin goldfish. It’s important that you do not integrate extremely aggressive goldfish into the mix, as the other fish may not be able to compete for the available food.
When you first decide to start a goldfish aquarium, you’ll be overwhelmed with the many variations of goldfish that are available: Comets, Shubunkins, Fantails, Pearlscale, Oranda, Ryukin, Vail Tail, Lionhead, and my personal favorite Bubble Eye are but a small sample. Most are incredibly beautiful, and all are interesting to watch. There are those with single tails, those with double tails, and those with or without dorsal fins. Before you plan the population of your aquarium, learn about each of the dozen or so fish that are available. Study their feeding and environmental needs.
How to Pick a Goldfish
There are many charts available that rate the compatibility of goldfish with regard to their interaction with other fish and their environmental requirements. Some fish are aggressive and can injure their aquarium mates. Some feed upon food flakes drifting on the surface of the water, while others are bottom feeders. Some hardy goldfish can withstand large temperature variations, while others require a very narrow range of controlled temperature in order to survive, and each type of fish has a specific adequate swimming space requirement measured in cubic feet of water.
It’s clear from the information given above that the term “good goldfish” is in reality the “appropriate goldfish” for the specific aquarium and environment available to it. With a little bit of forethought and planning, you can create yourself a beautiful aquarium populated with an assortment of healthy, contented, and appropriate goldfish that will provide you with years of pleasure.
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